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Publications listed below were provided to GRDC by the authors after completing their studies, or have been identified by the GRDC through searching the Internet. References are sorted alphabetically by first authors last name. As far as available, the original source is documented, or an URL is provided that will guide you to the source from where the GRDC retrieved an abstract or the relevant document. These hyperlinks are provided as a convenience only. They imply neither responsibility for, nor approval of the information contained.

  • Alcamo, J., Döll, P., Kaspar, F. & Siebert, S. (1997) Global change and global scenarios of water use and availability. An Application of WaterGAP1.0. Center for Environmental Systems Research (CESR), University of Kassel, Germany, Kassel. Retrieved September 26, 2011, from

  • Bärtschi, S. (1998) ARAL - Eine Untersuchung zur Wahrnehmung der Ereignisse und Vorgänge am und um den Aralsee in Zentralasien. Publikation Gewässerkunde, Geographisches Institut der Universität Bern, Gruppe für Hydrologie, Retrieved November 16, 2011, from

  • Bosilovich, M. G., Yang, R. & Houser, P. R. (1999) River basin hydrology in a global off-line land-surface model. J. of Geophys. Res. 104 (D16), 19,661-19,673. Retrieved October 24, 2011, from and also

  • Brown, J. & Solomon, S. (1999) Arctic Coastal Dynamics (ACD) - Report of an International Workshop. In: Initial ACD Workshop (Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole, Massachusetts, November 2-4, 1999). Retrieved September 26, 2011, from

  • Ducharne, A., Laval, K. & Polcher, J. (1998) Sensitivity of the hydrological cycle to the parameterization of soil hydrology in a GCM. Clim. Dyn. 14 (5), 307-327. Retrieved September 27, 2011, from

  • Fekete, B. M., Vörösmarty, C. J. & Grabs, W. E. (1999) Global Composite Runoff Fields on Observed River Discharge and Simulated Water Balances. GRDC Report Series 22, Global Runoff Data Centre (GRDC). Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG), Koblenz, Germany. Retrieved September 26, 2011, from,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/report_22.pdf

  • Gelder, P. H. A. J. M. van, Neykov, N. M., Neytchev, P., Vrijling, J. K. & Chbab, H. (1999) Probability Distributions of Annual Maximum River Discharges in North-Western and Central Europe. University of Technology, Delft. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from

  • Grabs, W. E. (1997) Information transfer in hydrology: experiences of the Global Runoff Data Centre. In: FRIEND'97 - Regional Hydrology: Concepts and Models for Sustainable Water Resource Management, Postojna, Slovenia, September-October 1997, 13-19. IAHS Publ., Retrieved October 17, 2011, from

  • Hagemann, S. & Dümenil, L. (1997) A parametrization of the lateral waterflow for the global scale. Clim. Dyn. 14 (1), 17-31. Retrieved September 27, 2011, from

  • Heyen, H. & Dippner, J.W. (1997) Salinity in the Southern German Bight estimated from large-scale climate data. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from

  • Heyen, H. (1998) Detecting relationships between the interannual variability in climate records and ecological time series using a multivariate statistical approach -four case studies for the North Sea region. U - Thesis. GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany), University Hamburg, Retrieved September 27, 2011, from

  • Kamiyama, K., Ochi, S. & Shibasaki, R. (1999) Generating Water Resources Distribution, Map using R. S. and GIS at Global Scale. Center for Spatial Information Science and Institute of Industrial Science, University Tokyo, Retrieved September 26, 2011, from and also

  • Ludwig, W. (1997) Continental Erosion and River Transport of Organic Carbon to the World's Oceans. Sciences géologiques Institut de Géologie, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg in Strasbourg, France . Strasbourg. Retrieved October 19, 2011, from's_oceans

  • Ludwig, W., Amiotte-Suchet, P., Munhoven, G. & Probst, J.-L. (1998) Atmospheric CO2 consumption by continental erosion: present-day controls and implications for the last glacial maximum. Glob. Planet. Chang. 16-17 (107-120), Retrieved October 25, 2011, from and also

  • Ludwig, W. & Probst, J.-L. (1998) River sediment discharge to the oceans: Present-day controls and global budgets. Am. J. Sci. 298, 265-295. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from and also

  • Maidment, D. R., Olivera, F., Ye, Z., Reed, S. M. & McKinney, D. C. (1995) Water Balance of the Niger Basin. In: North American Water and Environment Congress '96, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (Anaheim, CA, June 22-28, 1996). Retrieved Oktober 19, 2011, from

  • Matsuyama, H., Oki, T. & Masuda, K. (1993) The water budget in the Amazon River basin during the FGGE period. In: Hydrology of Warm Humid Regions, Yokohama Symposium, July 1993, 35-42. IAHS Publ., Retrieved September 26, 2011, from and also

  • Matsuyama, H. & Masuda, K. (1997) Estimates of continental-scale soil wetness and comparison with the soil moisture data of Mintz and Serafini. Clim. Dyn. 13 (10), 681-689. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from and also

  • McClimans, T. A. (1997) Model Verification of Transport Processes in the Barents and Kara Seas. In: AMAP Int. Symposium on Environmental Pollution of the Arctic & Third Int. Conference on Environmental Radioactivity in the Arctic (Tromso, Norway, June 1.-5., 1997). Retrieved October 25, 2011, from

  • McClimans, T. A. (1999) Oceanography - Transport and fate of contaminants in the northern seas. Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from

  • Mitosek, H. T. (1995) Climate Variability and Change Within the Discharge Time Series: A Statistical Approach. Clim. Chang. 29, 101-116. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from

  • Oki, T., Musiake, K., Masuda, K. & Matsuyama, H. (1993) Global runoff estimation by atmospheric water balance using ECMTWF data set. In: Macroscale Modelling of the Hydrosphere, Yokohama Symposium, July 1993, 163-171. IAHS Publ., Retrieved October 25, 2011, from and also

  • Oki, T., Musiake, K., Matsuyama, H. & Masuda, K. (1995) Global Atmospheric Water Balance and Runoff from Large River Basins. Hydrol. Process. 9 (5-6), 655-678. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from

  • Oki, T., Musiake, K., Matsuyama, H. & Masuda, K. (1995) Global Water Resources Assessment from Multiple Geo-Information. In: Toward global planning of sustainable use of the Earth: Development of global eco-engineering, 8th Toyota Conference, Mikkabi, Shizuoka, Japan, November 8 to 11, 1994, S. Murai, 431-434. Retrieved November 16, 2011, from

  • Oki, T. & Sud, Y. C. (1998) Design of Total Runoff IntegratingPathways (TRIP) - A Global River Channel Network. Earth Interact. 2 (1), 1-37. Retrieved September 26, 2011, from and also
  • Woerden, J. van (1999) Data issues of global environmental reporting: Experiences from GEO-2000. Environment Information and Assessment Report 3, Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, Retrieved November 4, 2011, from

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